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Dear Mr. Kalle Mattila,

We respectfully report on the successful completion of the Pigsties and Toilets for Two Tibetan Community Project in Mangra County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, PR China. With your 27,679RMB on July 3, 2011, and 4,250RMB from Keba and Rabgan Tibetan communities, this project was successfully completed.

Prior to the project, seventy percent of locals in these two villages lacked pigsties and toilets. Due to the lack of toilets and pigsties, locals urinated and defecated in and near village households wherever there was an area somewhat shielded from view. Such areas often put humans and livestock in close proximity, creating good conditions for diseases to cross from people to animals and vice versa (stray pigs ate fecal matter and then entered village homes where they licked bowls and cooking pots, transmitting diseases to people). In warmer months, the pungent smell of human waste wafted through the whole village. Elders and young children were particularly inconvenienced. Furthermore, locals' understanding of hygiene was poor. Lack of sanitation infrastructure posed environmental and health hazards. Local government did not help build toilets.

With this project, locals have four safe, cleaner, cost-effective, and modern pigsties; and four toilets. Health training was also given in each village. Each toilet and pigsty recipient made a contribution of 300RMB for a toilet and 500RMB for a pigsty. With this contribution, the project completed a small greenhouse adjacent to the pigsties per family.

Manure in the toilets and pigsties are used as fertilizer for household agriculture. A basic health-training program covered how and why to use the pigsties and toilets, and raised awareness of health care, e.g., keeping the local environment clean and the dangers of stray pigs in homes.

Now, locals no longer urinate and defecate on open ground. Animals and people no longer have close contact with waste that may transfer diseases. Human waste is concentrated in toilets and becomes natural fertilizer for cropland, reducing costs for chemical fertilizers and improving crop quality.

In the course of project implementation, most locals from each village engaged in project planning and decision-making through meetings. At least one member from each toilet recipient family participated in selecting the toilet location and its construction. Mostly women from each family assisted the toilet and pigsty designer to help mix cement and sand, and laid bricks throughout project implementation. All family members were encouraged to monitor and give feedback on project construction. Consequently, many decisions and feedback opportunities were available to locals.

Finally, using humanure on cropland; introducing a toilet and pigsty model; attending the health-training program; and learning construction skills all benefit locals.

We sincerely thank you, Mr. Mattila, for generously supporting this project.

Sincerely,

Nangchukja / Robert

Director

Friendship Charity Association

www.friendshipcharity.org

www.flickr.com/photos/friendshipcharityassociation/