Inflection of Finite Verbs in Mongghul


Åkerman, Vesa


This paper focuses on the finite verb in Mongghul, a Mongolic language principally spoken in Qinghai (青海) Province, in Northwest China. The finite verb in Mongghul is inflected for mood, aspect/tense and speaker involvement. In the imperative mood only is the person of the subject distinguished, and speaker involvement is an aerial feature that Mongghul shares with a number of neighboring languages. Of particular interest to the reader is that the author—having spent five years on site learning the language—brings to light several discoveries that contradict previously published analyses, as well as advances several new features of the language not yet published. Among these are: The perfective aspect marker –wa marks the clause for subjective speaker involvement, and is the counterpart to –jia. The main function of –jii is to mark a state. The future tense suffix –m/–n can be used with a first person subject only in irrealis situations, or when the intention of the speaker is less definite. In addition, the speaker, functioning as a referent in a clause, may also trigger subjective speaker involvement marking.

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